Institute for Research on Early Islamic History
and the Koran

Inârah is a research institute devoted to the scientific historical-critical, philological investigation into the Qur’an, the origins of Islam and its early history.  By and large, hitherto the traditional account of Islam’s rise and spread is accepted uncritically, although the sources upon which such claims are based are both late and of dubious historical quality. Similar scientific uncertainty also applies to the language and the theology of the Qur’an, for which source, textual, form and redactional criticism, vis-à- vis e.g. biblical studies, are still in their infancy. Hitherto our researches have clearly shown that the traditional account of Muhammad, the Qur’an, and the emergence of Islam actually have little or nothing in common with historical reality, nor does it fit into the well-established parameters of Late Antiquity.​